develop handwriting by accurately forming all uppercase and lowercase letters using appropriate directionality.
use a resource such as a picture dictionary or digital resource to find words;
use illustrations and texts the student is able to read or hear to learn or clarify word meanings; and
identify and use words that name actions; directions; positions; sequences; categories such as colors, shapes, and textures; and locations.
Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--self-sustained reading. The student reads grade-appropriate texts independently. The student is expected to self-select text and interact independently with text for increasing periods of time.
establish purpose for reading assigned and self-selected texts with adult assistance;
generate questions about text before, during, and after reading to deepen understanding and gain information with adult assistance;
make and confirm predictions using text features and structures with adult assistance;
create mental images to deepen understanding with adult assistance;
make connections to personal experiences, ideas in other texts, and society with adult assistance;
make inferences and use evidence to support understanding with adult assistance;
evaluate details to determine what is most important with adult assistance;
synthesize information to create new understanding with adult assistance; and
monitor comprehension and make adjustments such as re-reading, using background knowledge, checking for visual cues, and asking questions when understanding breaks down with adult assistance.
describe personal connections to a variety of sources;
provide an oral, pictorial, or written response to a text;
use text evidence to support an appropriate response;
retell texts in ways that maintain meaning;
interact with sources in meaningful ways such as illustrating or writing; and
respond using newly acquired vocabulary as appropriate.
discuss topics and determine the basic theme using text evidence with adult assistance;
identify and describe the main character(s);
describe the elements of plot development, including the main events, the problem, and the resolution for texts read aloud with adult assistance; and
describe the elements of plot development, including the main events, the problem, and the resolution, for texts read aloud with adult assistance; and
describe the setting.
demonstrate knowledge of distinguishing characteristics of well-known children's literature such as folktales, fables, fairy tales, and nursery rhymes;
discuss rhyme and rhythm in nursery rhymes and a variety of poems;
discuss main characters in drama;
recognize characteristics and structures of informational text, including:
the central idea and supporting evidence with adult assistance;
titles and simple graphics to gain information; and