Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--beginning reading and writing. The student develops word structure knowledge through phonological awareness, print concepts, phonics, and morphology to communicate, decode, and spell.
Knowledge and Skills Statement
A knowledge and skills statement is a broad statement of what students must know and be able to do. It generally begins with a learning strand and ends with the phrase “The student is expected to:” Knowledge and skills statements always include related student expectations.
Ask students to identify the syllables in words. Students can orally demonstrate a break between syllables or identify the syllables through an action such as clapping, using fingers, or moving counters.
- What are the syllables in the word rainbow? /rain/-/bow/
- What are the syllables in the word backpack? /back/-/pack/
- What are the syllables in the word boat? /boat/
- What are the syllables in the word hippo? /hip/-/po/
- What are the syllables in the word computer? /com/-/pu/-/ter/
Glossary Support for ELA.K.2.A.iv
Related 2009 Student Expectation
This student expectation is related to the following SE from the 2009 reading/language arts TEKS.
(2) Reading/Beginning Reading Skills/Phonological Awareness. Students display phonological awareness. Students are expected to:
Baker, S. K., Beattie, T., Nelson, N. J., & Turtura, J. (2018). How We Learn to Read: The Critical Role of Phonological Awareness. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Office of Special Education Programs, National Center on Improving Literacy. Retrieved from https://improvingliteracy.org/brief/how-we-learn-read-critical-role-phonological-awareness
Summary: Phonological awareness involves being able to recognize and manipulate the sounds within words. This skill is a foundation for understanding the alphabetic principle and reading success. There are several ways to effectively teach phonological awareness to prepare early readers, including: 1) teaching students to recognize and manipulate the sounds of speech, 2) teaching students letter-sound relations, and 3) teaching students to manipulate letter-sounds in print using word-building activities.