A student expectation is directly related to the knowledge and skills statement, is more specific about how students demonstrate their learning, and always begins with a verb. Student expectations are further broken down into their component parts, often referred to as “breakouts.”
discuta y escriba sobre los significados explícitos e implícitos del texto;
A knowledge and skills statement is a broad statement of what students must know and be able to do. It generally begins with a learning strand and ends with the phrase “The student is expected to:” Knowledge and skills statements always include related student expectations.
Group students into book clubs that are assigned to read a text based on each group’s interests. Have each group read the text in small increments independently and then meet to discuss the text. During group discussions, task students with explaining the explicit or implicit meaning of the text. Observe group discussions and review students’ notebooks to document their understanding of text meaning.
This activity requires students to ask questions, make connections, and talk about characters and themes. During book-club conversations, students must consider other points of view and share their points of view in order to help confirm their own connections and inferences. Talking about texts in small peer groups can help build students’ confidence in performing this skill.
Borsheim-Black, C., Macaluso, M., & Petrone, R. (2014). Critical literature pedagogy: Teaching canonical literature for critical literacy. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy. 58(2), 123–133. doi: 10.1002/jaal.323
Summary: In this article, the reader is introduced to a framework that can be used to develop critical thinkers and writers. Critical literacy allows students to develop skills and dispositions to understand, question, and critique texts. Using a standard literary text, teachers can employ this instructional approach to spark the interests and engage students in relevant text taken from their personal experiences, ideologies and society. A demonstration and explanation of the framework is provided. Critical literacy draws special attention to how issues of power, normativity, and representation, opportunities for equity are framed texts. Students learn how to argue against a position, to include providing supporting evidence or stories. The article includes a discussion on language and its use in texts.