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Knowledge and Skills Statement

Composition: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--writing process. The student uses the writing process recursively to compose multiple texts that are legible and uses appropriate conventions.

Provide students with teacher created sentences in which a prepositional phrase appears between the subject and its verb. In each sentence, leave a blank line where the verb should be and offer two options from which the students can choose the correct verb tense. For example, La casa entre la biblioteca y la escuela_____ (es/ son) de mi abuela.

Further Explanation

This assessment requires students to apply their knowledge of prepositional phrases and how they can create confusion regarding subject-verb agreement. This knowledge is acquired through practice and experience with appropriate use of prepositions and prepositional phrases in writing. This skill should be developed with writing in all genres.

During the editing stage of the writing process, students further improve their draft and often prepare it for publishing by correcting convention errors. Ensuring that the standard rules of the Spanish language have been applied correctly helps the audience to more easily comprehend the information because they are not having to interrupt their thinking to determine what the writer intended to say.
a class of function words that are followed by nouns, creating a prepositional phrase (e.g., cerca in cerca del mar; bajo with bajo la luz del sol
Students are expected to demonstrate an understanding of the functions of prepositional phrases and to use them effectively in their writing. Students are expected to identify the subject of a clause and to use the appropriate subject-verb agreement when a prepositional phrase appears between the subject and its verb. In the following sentence, El grupo de maestros organizó una fiesta de fin de año, the subject El grupo de maestros is composed of a singular noun, El grupo and a prepositional phrase with a plural noun, de maestros. The singular form of the verb organizó, in the example above, corresponds with the singular noun grupo. However, it can be the case that the verb refers to the plural noun in the prepositional phrase: maestros. In that instance, the verb should be in plural form, El grupo de maestros organizaron una fiesta de fin de año. Both constructions are correct, however students should consistently use the verb in singular or plural form in subsequent sentences. For example, El grupo de maestros organizó una fiesta de fin de año. Además, invitó (and not invitaron) a los padres de familia a participar.
standard rules of the Spanish language, including written mechanics such as punctuation, capitalization, spelling, paragraphing, etc. and written/oral grammar such as parts of speech, word order, subject-verb agreement, and sentence structure
the grammatical state of a sentence when the subject and verb match in number (singular or plural) and/or nouns and pronouns match in number and person (first person: yo, nosotros; second person: tú, usted; third person: él, ella, ellos, ellas)