writing process TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Composition: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--writing process. The student uses the writing process recursively to compose multiple texts that are legible and uses appropriate conventions.

Puede usar los criterios de evaluación que siguen como posible herramienta para checar el progreso de los estudiantes. Estos criterios deben evaluarse cuando los estudiantes están elaborando borradores y cuando han terminado un borrador final.

Ejemplo de criterios de evaluación:

1) El estudiante es incapaz de revisar borradores agregando detalles en imágenes o palabras, incluso con la ayuda de un adulto.

2) El estudiante es capaz de reconocer dónde se necesitan ediciones con la ayuda de un adulto, pero es incapaz de añadir detalles, incluso con la ayuda de un adulto.

3) El estudiante es capaz de reconocer dónde se necesitan ediciones con la ayuda de un adulto y es capaz de añadir detalles en forma independiente.

4) El estudiante es capaz de reconocer dónde se necesitan ediciones y es capaz de hacerlas añadiendo detalles en imágenes o palabras en forma independiente.

specifics, ideas, facts, or points included by an author that contribute to the author’s purpose and message
Revising is a stage in the writing process when a text is examined and changes are made to improve the focus, content, organization, sentence structure, and word choice in order to clarify the intended message, create flow, and more successfully engage the audience (e.g. adding/deleting details to improve a piece of writing or changing the order of sentences to improve the flow). In first grade, students may require significant teacher prompting and guidance with editing their work.



Graham, S., Bollinger, A., Booth Olson, C., D’Aoust, C., MacArthur, C., McCutchen, D., & Olinghouse, N. (2012). Teaching elementary school students to be effective writers: A practice guide (NCEE 2012–4058). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/PracticeGuide/writing_pg_062612.pdf

Summary: The four recommendations in the What Works Clearinghouse practice guide, "Teaching Elementary School Students to Be Effective Writers," encourage teachers to help students use writing flexibly and effectively in communicating their ideas.