A student expectation is directly related to the knowledge and skills statement, is more specific about how students demonstrate their learning, and always begins with a verb. Student expectations are further broken down into their component parts, often referred to as “breakouts.”
parafrasee y resuma textos de manera que mantengan su significado y orden lógico;
A knowledge and skills statement is a broad statement of what students must know and be able to do. It generally begins with a learning strand and ends with the phrase “The student is expected to:” Knowledge and skills statements always include related student expectations.
Gilbert Stuart was a popular painter who lived from 1755 to 1828. He painted portraits of distinguished famous people, such as George Washington. Most painters at the time asked the people they were painting to sit still for many hours while they created the portrait. Instead, Stuart would have conversations with his subjects so that he could capture their natural expressions in his paintings. Today he is most recognized for his half-finished portrait of Washington that has been used on the dollar bill since 1869.
Read the selection to learn about Gilbert Stuart’s most famous piece of art.
George Washington’s Portrait
What is the best summary of the selection?
In 1796 painter Gilbert Stuart had the opportunity to paint a portrait of George Washington. It had been difficult to arrange time for the two men to get together. While Stuart painted Washington, the two men talked about horses.
Key information about the significance of Stuart’s portrait of Washington is not included in this summary.
The most famous portrait of George Washington was painted by Gilbert Stuart, who lived from 1755 to 1828. Stuart painted portraits of other famous people as well. He never finished his portrait of Washington, but Stuart kept the original and sold copies of it anyway.
Although the central idea that the most famous portrait of George Washington was painted by Gilbert Stuart is included in this summary, additional details regarding why Stuart was an important figure are not included. Unnecessary information, such as when Stuart lived, is included in the summary.
An accomplished painter who completed hundreds of portraits, Gilbert Stuart lived from 1755 to 1828. Stuart wanted the subjects of his portraits to feel relaxed so that he could create a portrait of them that looked natural. One of Stuart’s most famous paintings is a portrait of President George Washington.
The key detail that Stuart’s famous portrait of George Washington was left unfinished is omitted from this summary, while less important details are included.
During his career Gilbert Stuart painted portraits of many famous people, including George Washington. Although Stuart was unable to complete a portrait of Washington during the time they had together in 1796, the work became the most popular portrait of Washington ever painted.
The central idea and key details from the selection are included in this summary. Information about Gilbert Stuart and why he is an important figure is included in the first sentence. In the second sentence, the incomplete portrait of Washington is addressed, and the central idea that this portrait became the most popular portrait of Washington ever painted is conveyed.
This assessment item requires students to recognize the option that best summarizes the selection. Students must choose the option that captures the most important ideas presented in the order of the original, while dismissing the options that focus too much on insignificant details or omit the key ideas.
1. Kletzien, S. B. (2009). Paraphrasing: an effective comprehension strategy. The Reading Teacher, 63(1), 73+. Retrieved from https://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A210594945/PROF?u=tea&sid=PROF&xid=69db1b90
Summary: Focusing on individual student's challenges, the authors look at the way students initially approach paraphrasing, and then model for students how to paraphrase by connecting reading with prior knowledge.
2. Fisk, C., & Hurst, B. (2003). Paraphrasing for comprehension. The Reading Teacher, 57(2), 182+. Retrieved from https://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A109218181/PROF?u=tea&sid=PROF&xid=5259f22e
Summary: The study acknowledged that most students think paraphrasing is copying from the source and changing a word or two. Noting that this short-circuits students' ability to fully synthesize and understand a text, the authors provide a four-step paraphrasing for comprehension strategy.