TEKS Talk - SLA Response image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Response skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student responds to an increasingly challenging variety of sources that are read, heard, or viewed.

The following is one example of how to assess proficiency of this student expectation (SE) or a portion of the SE. More examples coming soon.
1 Passage
In the Blink of an Eye


Read the article to learn more about the eye and the function of blinking.

This article from Medical News Monthly is about the human

In the Blink of an Eye

  1. Have you ever played the blinking game with friends? It’s fun to see who can last the longest without blinking. After 30 seconds you probably struggle to resist closing and then reopening your eyes. In fact, most people blink every three to seven seconds. However, you rarely think about it. Blinking usually occurs automatically, like your heartbeat.
  2. Miniature Windshield Wipers

  3. What happens when you blink? Each time you blink, muscles around your eyes contract to close your eyelids. Then two different muscles contract, raising your eyelids back up.
  4. This article from Medical News Monthly is about the human
  5. Your eyelids act like tiny windshield wipers. In the blink of an eye, they sweep dust and debris away. Eyelids also spread moisture. Glands in the eyelids lubricate the surface of the eyes. Without this repeated lubrication, your eyeballs begin to dry, and your eyelids feel sticky.
  6. Quick as a Blink

  7. People can blink on purpose. However, most blinking occurs involuntarily. You rarely notice this type of blink, which is incredibly fast. Your brain actually ignores the flash of darkness caused by a blink, giving you the impression of uninterrupted sight.
  8. Each time you blink, your eye closes for about three-tenths of a second. With around 15,000 blinks per day, you can end up with your eyes shut from blinking for up to one hour and fifteen minutes a day! Yet you probably aren’t aware that your vision is interrupted for that amount of time each day.
  9. Think Before You Blink

  10. According to scientific research, the average eye blink rate in people varies greatly, ranging from 2 to 50 blinks a minute. Many factors affect the blink rate.
  11. One factor is age. Newborn babies rarely blink. The reasons for this aren’t entirely clear, but one theory is that babies work hard to observe the world around them because their ability to see is not fully developed. Blink rates increase in childhood. From there, rates increase steadily until adulthood. Then blink rates decrease as people move into older adulthood. That’s when the muscles that control eyelids eventually lose some of their tone and ability to move.
  12. Your blink rate also varies with the task being performed. You’ll blink less when you’re concentrating on something. For example, have you ever noticed that when you search the Internet on your computer, your eyes sting, burn, or feel scratchy? Your eyes dry out because your blink rate decreases by half while you are concentrating on looking at something. If you’re absorbed in reading, your blink rate will decrease. And you’ll blink less if you’re watching a scary movie, since the threat of danger causes people to be more observant.
  13. When you’re thinking but not actually looking at something, your blink rate will also decrease. In school, when your teacher asks you a question, you’ll barely blink as you consider the answer. Once you start to reply, your blink rate will increase. Talking returns you to a standard blink rate. What happens if you think aloud while pondering the answer to a question? Your blink rate will return to its standard rate since you’re speaking.
  14. Some activities, such as telling a lie, require a great deal of concentration. As people think about their lie, their blink rate is very low. Police use this knowledge to gain information from suspects when interrogating them. So the next time you think about telling a fib, you might keep in mind that your blinking eyes always tell the truth.

Which sentence from the article helps explain why staring at a computer screen affects blink rates?

Show Further Explanation
Show Answer
A response is appropriate when it is logically connected to the topic in question and uses sufficient text evidence as justification. Students are expected to develop responses that are pertinent to the lesson or concept being taught and that follow the specific purpose of the task. For example, students may be asked to write an argumentative essay after reading two articles that present opposite views of a topic.
Students are expected to use text evidence, or information taken directly from texts, to justify their responses. When responding to a text, students need to make sure that they are correctly interpreting the author's purpose and the text content. It is important that students understand that their responses must be based on actual ideas presented in a text and not on their personal opinions about the topic being discussed. To ensure this, students should link their own reasoning to the information contained in a text.

Research

Barth, A. E., & Elleman, A. (2017). Evaluating the impact of a multistrategy inference intervention for middle-grade struggling readers. Language, Speech, & Hearing Services in Schools, 48(1), 31+. Retrieved from https://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A490475287/PROF?u=tea&sid=PROF&xid=85a8099a

Summary: This study examines the effectiveness of multiple inference intervention strategies that were designed to increase inference-making and reading comprehension for struggling readers. The study focused on using text clues, activating and integrating prior knowledge, understanding character and author's purpose, and responding to inference questions. Details and lesson examples are available in the Appendix.