TEKS Talk - SLA Vocabulary image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--vocabulary. The student uses newly acquired vocabulary expressively.

An analogy is a rhetorical device that compares two dissimilar ideas or objects for the purpose of explaining or clarifying an idea. By making an analogy, a writer is able to explain one element by comparing it to another that is more familiar (e.g., El efecto de la contaminación en nuestro medio ambiente es como el cáncer en nuestro cuerpo)
Authors often include hints or clues to help the reader understand unfamiliar words. These hints can be found in phrases (e.g., definitions, analogies, or examples) provided near the first use of a new or specialized word in the text. Students should know how to identify these types of clarifying phrases in the sentences that precede or follow a specific word to help them determine meaning. For example, a definition can be embedded in the text near the unfamiliar word and offset by commas and a word or phrase (e.g., es decir, o sea) that signals a clarification is being presented. In the sentence: Los científicos obtuvieron información de los participantes que contenía datos cualitativos, es decir que se basaban en impresiones, opiniones y puntos de vista personales, en vez de información que pudiera ser medida con números. Students should know that the information provided after es decir is a definition for the word cualitativos which proceeds it.