TEKS Talk - SLA Vocabulary image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--vocabulary. The student uses newly acquired vocabulary expressively.

The following is one example of how to assess proficiency of this student expectation (SE) or a portion of the SE. More examples coming soon.
1 Passage
George Washington’s Portrait

Gilbert Stuart was a popular painter who lived from 1755 to 1828. He painted portraits of distinguished famous people, such as George Washington. Most painters at the time asked the people they were painting to sit still for many hours while they created the portrait. Instead, Stuart would have conversations with his subjects so that he could capture their natural expressions in his paintings. Today he is most recognized for his half-finished portrait of Washington that has been used on the dollar bill since 1869.

Read the selection to learn about Gilbert Stuart’s most famous piece of art.

George Washington’s Portrait

  1. Many artists have hopes that their creations will become well known. But sometimes a work of art achieves greater recognition than the artist might have ever imagined. And in the case of Gilbert Stuart and George Washington, a work of art may not even be completed but still inspire people long afterward.
  2. Stuart was a painter who lived from 1755 to 1828. He was known for both his talent as a painter and his charm as a person. He painted the portraits of approximately 1,000 people during his lifetime. Many distinguished and famous people sat for a portrait with him. But instead of making his subjects sit perfectly still, as was commonly practiced at the time, Stuart engaged them in interesting conversation. He wanted his subjects to feel at ease in order to capture their most natural expression and pose. Only then would Stuart paint the person.
  3. One of Stuart’s aspirations was to paint George Washington. Their meeting was not easy to arrange, but Stuart eventually got the opportunity in 1796. Stuart had a difficult time getting Washington to be comfortable. The president finally relaxed when Stuart began to talk about horses. This was one of Washington’s favorite topics. The men chatted while Stuart painted the then 64-year-old president. Their time together was limited, however.
  4. Gilbert Stuart was a popular painter who lived from 1755 to
  5. The result was a portrait of just Washington’s head and shoulders. The reasons why Stuart never finished the rest of the portrait are uncertain. What is known is that the bottom and left parts of the canvas remained bare, and Stuart persuaded Washington to let him keep the original. Stuart made and soldmultiple copies of the portrait in his lifetime—a common practice in the days before cameras.
  6. Even unfinished, Stuart’s original portrait is considered the definitive representation of George Washington. People have always believed that the portrait truly captures this great man’s presence. The image was used on the dollar bill beginning in 1869 and has been featured there ever since. This means just about everyone in the United States has seen this work of art. While it is an amazing portrait, surely even Stuart would be amazed by its lasting popularity.

Which words from paragraph 2 help the reader understand the meaning of engaged?

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Show Answer
An analogy is a rhetorical device that compares two dissimilar ideas or objects for the purpose of explaining or clarifying an idea. By making an analogy, a writer is able to explain one element by comparing it to another that is more familiar (e.g., El efecto de la contaminación en nuestro medio ambiente es como el cáncer en nuestro cuerpo)
Authors often include hints or clues to help the reader understand unfamiliar words. These hints can be found in phrases (e.g., definitions, analogies, or examples) provided near the first use of a new or specialized word in the text. Students should know how to identify these types of clarifying phrases in the sentences that precede or follow a specific word to help them determine meaning. For example, a definition can be embedded in the text near the unfamiliar word and offset by commas and a word or phrase (e.g., es decir, o sea) that signals a clarification is being presented. In the sentence: Los científicos obtuvieron información de los participantes que contenía datos cualitativos, es decir que se basaban en impresiones, opiniones y puntos de vista personales, en vez de información que pudiera ser medida con números. Students should know that the information provided after es decir is a definition for the word cualitativos which proceeds it.