Ask students to work in small groups to read the same text and explain what they believe to be the author’s purpose and message in the text. Require students to provide text evidence to support their responses. Allow for dialogue in which students ask each other questions and refine their perspectives based on the group discussion. By the end of the discussion, the group should come to a consensus response.
In this assessment, students should be able to justify their understanding of the main point or idea being conveyed in a text. Once students understand the message of the text, they should be able to analyze how the author’s purpose has a specific effect on the reader such as to entertain, convince a reader to believe an idea, share an experience, or provide information.