beginning reading and writing Spanish strand TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--beginning reading and writing. The student develops word structure knowledge through phonological awareness, print concepts, phonics, and morphology to communicate, decode, and spell.

Deles a los estudiantes tarjetas que tengan palabras base por un lado y una nueva palabra formada con un prefijo o sufijo en el otro. Pídales a los estudiantes que lean las palabras base primero y que luego volteen las tarjetas y lean las palabras nuevas con los prefijos o sufijos añadidos.

Further Explanation

Esta evaluación requiere que los estudiantes tengan conocimiento fonético y experiencia examinando las partes de una palabra (prefijo + palabra base; palabra base + sufijo) para poder decodificar correctamente palabras que tengan afijos. Este conocimiento se adquiere a través de la práctica y la experiencia leyendo palabras que tengan una variedad de prefijos y sufijos. Mientras los estudiantes leen, observe y registre si pueden decodificar correctamente las palabras. El trabajar con palabras puede ocurrir en cualquier forma para apoyar distintos estilos de aprendizaje.

Decoding is the process of translating written speech into verbal speech sounds by applying knowledge of letter-sound correspondences. In reading, this concept refers to word identification rather than word comprehension.
When students demonstrate phonetic knowledge, they are not creating written content that incorporates an understanding of phonetic principles, but rather reviewing content and determining how the principles have been applied. Students will do this when decoding (reading) words they encounter in various formats from activities in the classroom to stories they read for pleasure.
Prefixes and suffixes are groups of letters that are added to the beginning or end of a word, changing its meaning. For example, the Spanish word invisible consists of the prefix in- (which means no) combined with the word visible (the base word). Thus, invisible means not visible. In some instances, this knowledge is more complex, like when base words have both prefixes and suffixes. Consider the word inacabado, for example. The base word is acabar. When adding the prefix in- the base word changes to no acabar. Furthermore, when the suffix -ado (which means acción y efecto) is added to the base word, the result is the word inacabado or no acabado.