beginning reading and writing Spanish strand TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--beginning reading and writing. The student develops word structure knowledge through phonological awareness, print concepts, phonics, and morphology to communicate, decode, and spell.

Escriba en el pizarrón varias palabras a las que les añade un prefijo. Explique cómo estas palabras cambian su significado al añadirles un prefijo. Por ej., director (sub+director: subdirector); sabor (sin+sabor: sinsabor); autor (co+autor: coautor), etc. Pida a los estudiantes que, en parejas y tomando turnos, lean las palabras e identifiquen el prefijo correspondiente; hagan tarjetas con los diferentes prefijos y que formen nuevas palabras. Finalmente, las parejas leen sus palabras al grupo explicando cómo las palabras cambian su significado al añadir un prefijo. Coordine esta actividad, tome nota de la participación de los estudiantes e intervenga en caso necesario.

Further Explanation

Los estudiantes leen palabras que contienen prefijos. Identifican que hay prefijos que al añadirlos a la palabra base cambian el significado de esta palabra.

Decoding is the process of translating written speech into verbal speech sounds by applying knowledge of letter-sound correspondences. In reading, this concept refers to word identification rather than word comprehension.
When fourth grade students demonstrate phonetic knowledge, they are not creating written content that incorporates an understanding of phonetic principles, but rather reviewing content and determining how the principles have been applied. Students will do this when decoding words they encounter in various formats, from activities in the classroom to stories they read for pleasure.
Prefixes and suffixes are groups of letters that are added to the beginning or end of a word changing its meaning. For example, the word releer has the prefix re- which means otra vez (again) combined with the verb leer (to read, the base word). Thus, releer means leer otra vez (to read again). In some cases, this skill is more complex, like when base words have both prefixes and suffixes. Consider the word reconstruido, for example. The base word is the verb construir (to build). When adding the prefix re- the base word changes to reconstruir (to build again). Furthermore, when the suffix -ido (which indicates the quality of something) is added to the base word, the result is the word reconstruido which means rebuilt.