beginning reading and writing Spanish strand TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--beginning reading and writing. The student develops word structure knowledge through phonological awareness, print concepts, phonics, and morphology to communicate, decode, and spell.

Organice a los estudiantes en parejas. Cada uno de los estudiantes escribe 4 palabras usando las sílabas “que” y “qui". Tomando turnos, las dictan a su compañero, quien las escribe poniendo especial atención a la ortografía. Observe y tome nota del proceso. Proporcione ejemplos para las otras sílabas.

Further Explanation

Los estudiantes escriben palabras utilizando su conocimiento ortográfico e identificando el sonido /k/ que corresponde al dígrafo “qu".

Both decoding and encoding skills are needed to build a foundation in reading. Decoding is the process of translating written speech into verbal speech sounds by applying knowledge of letter-sound correspondences. It is the ability to recognize letters, apply their associated sounds, and blend sounds to form words. Encoding is the process of using letter-sound knowledge to write or spell words. Students must understand the various spelling patterns and rules of the Spanish language to correctly construct words in their written products. It is important that students demonstrate their knowledge by applying these rules consistently instead of using invented spelling because they may unknowingly write a real word they did not intend, causing reader confusion.
Students are expected to use their phonetic knowledge to spell words with the syllables gue, gui and güe, güi. The digraph gu represents the soft sound of the letter g or /g/. Thus, when combined with the vowels e and i makes the syllables gue and gui that are present in words such as aguerrido, hoguera, guisado, or borreguito. It is important to know that, in these syllables, the u is always silent. However, there are some words where the u is required to sound. In those cases, a double point (known as dieresis must be placed over the vowel u: ü. Consider the following examples: lengüetazo, cigüeña or paragüitas.
In Spanish, the letter h is silent regardless of its position in a word. The following are examples of words with h, historia, búho, or almohada. Students should know that the only exception to this rule is when the h is combined with the letter c, in which case the digraph ch is formed. The phonetic value of these successive letters is the sound /ch/ that appears in words like agachar, chimenea, mecha, machete, perchero, and chaleco.
Students should be able to spell words with the syllables que and qui. They should understand that the digraph qu represents the sound /k/. Therefore, when combined with the vowels e and i, it makes the syllables que and qui. These syllables can be found in words like parque, quizás, barquillo, or queja. In these and similar words that include the syllables que and qui, the letter u is always silent.