beginning reading and writing Spanish strand TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--beginning reading and writing. The student develops word structure knowledge through phonological awareness, print concepts, phonics, and morphology to communicate, decode, and spell.

Los estudiantes, en mesas de trabajo, reciben tarjetas con prefijos y con palabras, como re-/conocer, in-/visibe. Combinan las tarjetas para formar nuevas palabras. Leen las palabras en voz alta, tomando turnos. Identifican que los prefijos se ponen delante de la palabra y se forma una nueva. Observe y tome nota.

Further Explanation

Los estudiantes leen con fluidez palabras anteponiéndoles un prefijo que hace que formen una nueva palabra. Al leer, lo hacen sin detenerse en cada sílaba para así incluir el prefijo a la palabra como parte de la palabra misma. Esto enriquece su vocabulario.

Students should use their knowledge of prefixes and suffixes to understand that these groups of letters change the meaning of a word when added to its beginning or end. For example, when the prefix des- (which means no) appears at the beginning of the verb ocupar (to occupy) the meaning is desocupar (to vacate). Similarly, when the suffix -ado (which means action and effect) appears at the end of desocupar, the word and its meaning change to desocupado which means vacant.
When students demonstrate phonetic knowledge, they review content and determine how principles of sound-symbol relationships and spelling patterns have been put into action. Students will do this when decoding words they encounter in various formats from activities in the classroom to stories they read for pleasure.