beginning reading and writing Spanish strand TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--beginning reading and writing. The student develops word structure knowledge through phonological awareness, print concepts, phonics, and morphology to communicate, decode, and spell.

Dé a los estudiantes 5 tarjetas con ilustraciones por un lado y con las palabras con la letra “h” por el otro. Las palabras tendrán la letra “h” al principio o en medio de la palabra. Los estudiantes leen las palabras en voz alta. Observe y registre si los estudiantes están leyendo apropiadamente las palabras.

Further Explanation

Los estudiantes reconocen que hay letras, como la “h”, que al leerlas no representan ningún sonido, pero que forman parte de una palabra.

In Spanish, the letter h is silent regardless of its position in a word. For example, hijo, ahorrar, or horario. Students should know that the only exception to this rule is when the h is combined with the letter c, in which case the digraph ch is formed. The phonetic value of these successive letters is the sound /ch/ that appears in words like chango, chillar, chueco, cachete, cochera, muchacho.
When students demonstrate phonetic knowledge, they review content and determine how principles of sound-symbol relationships and spelling patterns have been put into action. Students will do this when decoding words they encounter in various formats from activities in the classroom to stories they read for pleasure.
Students are expected to use their phonetic knowledge to decode words with the syllables gue, gui and güe, güi. The hard sound of the letter g is represented by the combination of the letters gu followed by the vowels e or i. The syllables gue and gui are present in words such as maguey, guepardo, guitarra, or águila. It is important to know that in these syllables the u is always silent. However, there are some words where the u is required to sound. In those cases, a double point (known as dieresis) must be placed over the vowel u: ü. Consider the following examples: ungüento, antigüedad or bilingüismo.
Students should be able to decode words with the syllables que and qui. They should understand that the digraph qu represents the sound /k/. Therefore, when combined with the vowels e and i it makes the syllables que and qui. These syllables can be found in words like quebrar, quién, líquido, or bloque. In these and similar words that include the syllables que and qui, the letter u is always silent.
Usar el conocimiento de las relaciones entre las letras y los sonidos para pronunciar una palabra. Al practicar la lectura, este término se usa específicamente para reconocer y referirse a una palabra y a las sílabas que la componen más que a su comprensión.