writing process TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Composition: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--writing process. The student uses the writing process recursively to compose multiple texts that are legible and uses appropriate conventions.

Use anecdotal notes during small-group discussion or learning-center time to document whether students shares their writing.

An observational rubric can be used.

Sample rubric:
1) The student does not share her writing, even with extensive prompting by the teacher or peers.
2) The student inconsistently shares her writing, with extensive prompting by the teacher or peers.
3) The student inconsistently shares her writing with some prompting by the teacher or peers.
4) The student shares her writing without prompting.

In kindergarten, students should be able to share their writing by either reading or summarizing what they wrote to peers or to a teacher.


Graham, S., Bollinger, A., Booth Olson, C., D’Aoust, C., MacArthur, C., McCutchen, D., & Olinghouse, N. (2012).Teaching elementary school students to be effective writers: A practice guide (NCEE 2012–4058). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/PracticeGuide/writing_pg_062612.pdf

Summary: The four recommendations in the WWC practice guide, Teaching Elementary School Students to Be Effective Writers, encourage teachers to help students use writing flexibly and effectively in communicating their ideas.