writing process TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Composition: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--writing process. The student uses the writing process recursively to compose multiple texts that are legible and uses appropriate conventions.

Use a checklist or anecdotal notes during whole group or small group discussions to keep track of how students generate ideas for writing.

An observational rubric can be used.

Sample rubric:
1) The student is unable to generate ideas for writing either through class discussions or in drawings.
2) The student inconsistently generates ideas for writing through class discussions or drawings with adult assistance.
3) The student inconsistently generates ideas for writing through class discussions or drawings independently.
4) The student consistently generates ideas for writing through both class discussions and drawings independently.

Generating ideas is essentially brainstorming. Brainstorming is a technique in which many ideas are generated quickly and without judgment or evaluation, usually as part of a problem-solving process or to inspire creative thinking; it may be conducted in a small group, a large group, or individually. In kindergarten, brainstorming is typically done in a large group and is a collaborative experience for all learners.
to formulate or design a roadmap beforehand to achieve an objective; in writing, an outline or sketch


Graham, S., Bollinger, A., Booth Olson, C., D’Aoust, C., MacArthur, C., McCutchen, D., & Olinghouse,N. (2012).Teaching elementary school students to be effective writers: A practice guide (NCEE 2012–4058). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/PracticeGuide/writing_pg_062612.pdf

Summary: The four recommendations in the WWC practice guide, Teaching Elementary School Students to Be Effective Writers, encourage teachers to help students use writing flexibly and effectively in communicating their ideas.