Inquiry and research: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student engages in both short-term and sustained recursive inquiry processes for a variety of purposes.
Knowledge and Skills Statement
A knowledge and skills statement is a broad statement of what students must know and be able to do. It generally begins with a learning strand and ends with the phrase “The student is expected to:” Knowledge and skills statements always include related student expectations.
Provide students with text that includes faulty reasoning such as bandwagon appeals, repetition, or loaded language. Task students with identifying the faulty reasoning in the text.
Questions to Ask:
- Where is the example of faulty reasoning in the ad?
- Do you think it enhances the ad or is detrimental?
- Do you believe what the ad is saying? Explain your reasoning.
This assessment provides an opportunity for the teacher to observe students’ understanding of how a text might incorporate faulty reasoning to attempt to justify a position or interpret the facts. Students should look for faulty reasoning as they examine sources to use as support for their own conclusions.
Glossary Support for ELA.8.12.H.ii
Related 2009 Student Expectation
This student expectation is related to the following SE from the 2009 reading/language arts TEKS.
(11) Comprehension of Informational Text/Persuasive Text. Students analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about persuasive text and provide evidence from text to support their analysis. Students are expected to:
Kinsey, B., & Comerchero, V. A. (2012). Language in style: Formal language and tone. Communique, 41(1), 37. Retrieved from https://www.nasponline.org/publications/periodicals/communique/issues/volume-41-issue-1
Summary: Kinsey and Comerchero discuss the use of language. Topics include redundancy, word choice, and words that reflect and/or imply assumptions, beliefs, and biases. Words that trigger emotions are included as a part of the discussion. The overall emphasis in this article is the formal writing style and its function. The writing style should be formal. The article provides examples of how word choice and the sequence of words significantly change meaning.