Inquiry and research: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student engages in both short-term and sustained recursive inquiry processes for a variety of purposes.
Knowledge and Skills Statement
A knowledge and skills statement is a broad statement of what students must know and be able to do. It generally begins with a learning strand and ends with the phrase “The student is expected to:” Knowledge and skills statements always include related student expectations.
Discuss examples of sources, both primary and secondary, and provide explicit instruction on the importance of understanding the difference between the two. Assess student understanding with their responses to prompts regarding primary and secondary sources.
The prompts might include the following:
- List three features of a primary source document and three features of a secondary source document.
- Name two things that primary sources and secondary sources have in common.
- Write one sentence about how you can use primary and secondary sources.
This assessment requires students to apply their knowledge of what makes a source a primary or secondary source. Students should know that a primary source is a firsthand account or documentation of a particular event and a secondary source provides information about an event that may have occurred elsewhere or during a different time.
Glossary Support for ELA.8.12.E
1. Maniotes, L. K. (2019). Getting to great questions for inquiry and research. Teacher Librarian, 46(3), 17–20. Retrieved from https://www.gale.com
Summary: This article provides an overview on how to use guided inquiry as a means to increase students' capacity to comprehend a text. However, Guided Inquiry Design is often used as an inquiry process for research and ways to gain a deeper understanding and gain information. The article includes resources that provide additional support.
2. Composition Writing Studio. Argumentative essay/commentary. University of Purdue’s Online Writing Lab. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/685/05/
Summary: This online resource offers a complete overview of the writing processes and the components involved in each. The overview includes definition of terms, examples, graphs and charts as appropriate, and additional resources.