writing process TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Composition: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--writing process. The student uses the writing process recursively to compose multiple texts that are legible and uses appropriate conventions.

Pair students and task them with editing each other’s writing to ensure proper capitalization of all necessary words.

Further Explanation

As students use the writing process to compose multiple texts, the editing stage allows them to improve drafts for correct capitalization. Ample opportunities should be provided for students to review their drafts, evaluating for proper capitalization and making necessary changes to improve the quality of their writing.

During the editing process, students improve drafts for correct capitalization. For example, capital letters should be used for the first word in a sentence, the pronoun I, and proper nouns (e.g., "When I go to the library, I will look for books written by Bob Smith."). Capital letters can also be used in the first word in a quotation that is a complete sentence and for a person's official title (e.g., "Dr. Seuss is famous for saying, 'Why fit in when you were born to stand out.'").
During the editing stage of the writing process, students further improve their drafts and often prepare them for publishing by correcting conventions errors. Applying standard rules of the English language correctly helps the audience to easily understand the information by not having to interrupt their thinking to decide what the writer intended to say.
standard rules of the English language, including written mechanics such as punctuation, capitalization, spelling, paragraphing, etc. and written/oral grammar such as parts of speech, word order, subject-verb agreement, and sentence structure

Related 2009 Student Expectation

This student expectation is related to the following SE from the 2009 reading/language arts TEKS.

(14)  Writing/Writing Process. Students use elements of the writing process (planning, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing) to compose text. Students are expected to:
(D)  edit drafts for grammar, mechanics, and spelling; and

(20)  Writing/Conventions of Language/Handwriting. Students write legibly and use appropriate capitalization and punctuation conventions in their compositions. Students will continue to apply earlier standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:
(A)  use conventions of capitalization; and


Composition Writing Studio. Argumentative essay/commentary. University of Purdue’s Online Writing Lab. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/685/05/ 

Summary: This online resource offers a complete overview of the writing processes, genres, mechanics, and components involved in each. The overview includes definition of terms, examples, graphs and charts as appropriate, and additional resources.