multiple genres TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Multiple genres: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--genres. The student recognizes and analyzes genre-specific characteristics, structures, and purposes within and across increasingly complex traditional, contemporary, classical, and diverse texts.

Ask students to identify the organizational patterns that are used while reading a text in a whole-group or small-group context.


  • What organizational pattern did the author use in the book, and why would the author have chosen that?
  • I see a lot of words and phrases like next and finally. What organizational pattern is the author using, and why do you think he or she is using that pattern?
  • Do you think this book uses chronological order or description?
Informational texts are texts that present information in order to explain, clarify, and/or educate. In first grade, this could include procedural texts, magazines, newspapers, menus, nonfiction books, pamphlets, and textbooks. Informational text characteristics include text and graphic features such as a table of contents, captions, bold print, glossaries, diagrams, etc. Informational text structures include compare/contrast, central idea with supporting facts, description, and cause/effect.
Chronological order is an organizational pattern that describes events in the order that they happened. In first grade, students often see and use words that include first, next, then, before, after, last, finally, and in conclusion to signal order.
Description is an organizational pattern that uses details (typically sensory details) to convey an impression or paint a picture of something using precise language.
a text that presents information in order to explain, clarify, and/or educate
a text that presents information in order to explain, clarify, and/or educate
the pattern or structure an author uses to construct and organize his or her ideas for the audience (e.g., cause and effect, problem and solution, description, order of importance); also referred to as organizational structure