multiple genres TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Multiple genres: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--literary elements. The student recognizes and analyzes literary elements within and across increasingly complex traditional, contemporary, classical, and diverse literary texts.

Ask students, in a whole-group or small-group setting, to verbally identify and explain the main events, the problem, the solution, and the progression of the plot in chronological order. A teacher can use a retelling rubric to assist with this assessment.


  • First, ask students to identify the main idea of a story and name some supporting details.
  • Then, ask students to retell the plot in chronological order.
  • Next, ask students to discuss the problem and solution of a story.


  • It is important to scaffold this SE so students can understand the story completely before asking them to synthesize all the information for each story at once.
  • By the end of first grade, students should be able to hear all elements of a story and identify each element within the same story independently. At the beginning of the year, first graders may only be able to focus on one story element at a time and may require adult assistance to identify all story elements within one text.
Main events are the events in the plot that is an essential part of the story.
A story's plot provides its organizational structure. Although a story can be told in different ways, the plot of any story generally includes the same basic elements revealed in a forward-progressing order: conflict (main problem or challenge in the story), sequence of events (important moments in the story relating to the conflict), and the resolution (the final outcome in a story).
The problem is the situation or conflict in a narrative that needs to be corrected or resolved.
Resolution is the element of plot structure that contains the conclusion or final outcome in a story and in some capacity resolves all problems and conflicts; not all stories have clear resolutions