writing process TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Composition: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--writing process. The student uses the writing process recursively to compose multiple texts that are legible and uses appropriate conventions.

Use a rubric to monitor students’ progress. This SE should be assessed both while students are developing drafts and when they have completed final drafts.

Sample rubric:

  1. The student is unable to edit drafts to correctly use punctuation marks at the end of declarative, exclamatory, and interrogative sentences even with adult assistance.
  2. The student is inconsistently able to edit drafts to correctly use punctuation marks at the end of declarative, exclamatory, and interrogative sentences with adult assistance.
  3. The student is consistently able to correctly use punctuation marks at the end of declarative, exclamatory, and interrogative sentences with adult assistance.
  4. The student is able to correctly use punctuation marks at the end of declarative, exclamatory, and interrogative sentences independently.
A declarative sentence is a sentence that makes a statement or complete thought and ends in a period (e.g., Sam likes cake).
Editing is a stage in the writing process when a written text is prepared for an audience by attending to and correcting mechanics, grammar, and spelling. Applying the standards of the English language correctly helps the audience more easily comprehend the information because it is not having to interrupt thinking to determine what the writer intended to say. In first grade, students may require significant teacher prompting and guidance with editing their work. Students may also begin to peer edit.
An exclamatory sentence is a sentence that expresses a strong emotion or feeling and ends with an exclamation point.
An interrogative sentence is a sentence that asks a question and is punctuated with a question mark (e.g. What time is it?).
the set of graphic marks used in writing phrases and sentences; intended to clarify the meaning of sentences and to give speech characteristics to written materials; also referred to as punctuation marks
standard rules of the English language, including written mechanics such as punctuation, capitalization, spelling, paragraphing, etc. and written/oral grammar such as parts of speech, word order, subject-verb agreement, and sentence structure

Related 2009 Student Expectation

This student expectation is related to the following SE from the 2009 reading/language arts TEKS.

(17)  Writing/Writing Process. Students use elements of the writing process (planning, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing) to compose text. Students are expected to: 
(D)  edit drafts for grammar, punctuation, and spelling using a teacher-developed rubric; and

(21)  Oral and Written Conventions/Handwriting, Capitalization, and Punctuation. Students write legibly and use appropriate capitalization and punctuation conventions in their compositions. Students are expected to: 
(C)  recognize and use punctuation marks at the end of declarative, exclamatory, and interrogative sentences.


Research

Graham, S., Bollinger, A., Booth Olson, C., D’Aoust, C., MacArthur, C., McCutchen, D., & Olinghouse, N. (2012). Teaching elementary school students to be effective writers: A practice guide (NCEE 2012–4058). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/PracticeGuide/writing_pg_062612.pdf

Summary: The four recommendations in the What Works Clearinghouse practice guide, "Teaching Elementary School Students to Be Effective Writers," encourage teachers to help students use writing flexibly and effectively in communicating their ideas.