writing process TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Composition: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--writing process. The student uses the writing process recursively to compose multiple texts that are legible and uses appropriate conventions.

Use a rubric to monitor students’ progress. This SE should be assessed both while students are developing drafts and when they have completed final drafts.

Sample rubric:

  1. The student is unable to edit drafts to create complete sentences with subject-verb agreement even with adult assistance.
  2. The student is inconsistently able to edit drafts to create complete sentences with subject-verb agreement with adult assistance.
  3. The student is consistently able to edit drafts to create complete sentences with subject-verb agreement with adult assistance.
  4. The student is able to edit drafts to create complete sentences with subject-verb agreement independently.
an independent clause that begins with a capital letter, contains at least a verb (such as in a command), and ends with a punctuation mark (period, question mark, or exclamation point)
Editing is a stage in the writing process when a written text is prepared for an audience by attending to and correcting mechanics, grammar, and spelling. Applying the standards of the English language correctly helps the audience more easily comprehend the information because it is not having to interrupt thinking to determine what the writer intended to say. In first grade, students may require significant teacher prompting and guidance with editing their work. Students may also begin to peer edit.
standard rules of the English language, including written mechanics such as punctuation, capitalization, spelling, paragraphing, etc. and written/oral grammar such as parts of speech, word order, subject-verb agreement, and sentence structure
Subject-verb agreement is the grammatical state of a sentence when the subject and verb match in number (singular or plural) and/or person (first person I, we; second person you; or third person he, she, they). For example, if the word they is used in a sentence, the verb are should be used rather than is.

Related 2009 Student Expectation

This student expectation is related to the following SE from the 2009 reading/language arts TEKS.

(17)  Writing/Writing Process. Students use elements of the writing process (planning, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing) to compose text. Students are expected to: 
(D)  edit drafts for grammar, punctuation, and spelling using a teacher-developed rubric; and


Research

Graham, S., Bollinger, A., Booth Olson, C., D’Aoust, C., MacArthur, C., McCutchen, D., & Olinghouse, N. (2012). Teaching elementary school students to be effective writers: A practice guide (NCEE 2012–4058). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/PracticeGuide/writing_pg_062612.pdf

Summary: The four recommendations in the What Works Clearinghouse practice guide, "Teaching Elementary School Students to Be Effective Writers," encourage teachers to help students use writing flexibly and effectively in communicating their ideas.