writing process TEKS talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Composition: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--writing process. The student uses the writing process recursively to compose multiple texts that are legible and uses appropriate conventions.

Use a rubric to monitor students’ progress. This SE should be assessed both while students are developing drafts and when they have completed final drafts.

Sample rubric:

  1. The student is unable to revise drafts by adding details in picture or words even with adult assistance.
  2. The student is able to recognize where revisions could be made with adult assistance but is unable to add details even with adult assistance. (For example, a student may realize she needs to add in details regarding what kind of animals were in the yard but may be unable to pinpoint where those details should go.)
  3. The student is able to recognize where revisions could be made with adult assistance and is able to add details independently.
  4. The student is able to recognize where revisions could be made and is able to revise drafts by adding details in pictures or words independently.
specifics, ideas, facts, or points included by an author that contribute to the author’s purpose and message
Revising is a stage in the writing process when a text is examined and changes are made to improve the focus, content, organization, sentence structure, and word choice in order to clarify the intended message, create flow, and more successfully engage the audience (e.g. adding/deleting details to improve a piece of writing or changing the order of sentences to improve the flow). In first grade, students may require significant teacher prompting and guidance with editing their work.

Related 2009 Student Expectation

This student expectation is related to the following SE from the 2009 reading/language arts TEKS.

(17)  Writing/Writing Process. Students use elements of the writing process (planning, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing) to compose text. Students are expected to: 
(C)  revise drafts by adding or deleting a word, phrase, or sentence;


Graham, S., Bollinger, A., Booth Olson, C., D’Aoust, C., MacArthur, C., McCutchen, D., & Olinghouse, N. (2012). Teaching elementary school students to be effective writers: A practice guide (NCEE 2012–4058). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/PracticeGuide/writing_pg_062612.pdf

Summary: The four recommendations in the What Works Clearinghouse practice guide, "Teaching Elementary School Students to Be Effective Writers," encourage teachers to help students use writing flexibly and effectively in communicating their ideas.