author's purpose strand teks talk image

Knowledge and Skills Statement

Author's purpose and craft: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student uses critical inquiry to analyze the authors' choices and how they influence and communicate meaning within a variety of texts. The student analyzes and applies author's craft purposefully in order to develop his or her own products and performances.

Ask students to identify the text structure while they are reading a text in a whole-group or small-group context.


  • What structures did the author use in the book and why would he or she have chosen that?
  • I see a lot of words and phrases like however and on the other hand. What structure is the author using and why do you think he or she is using that structure?
  • Do you think this book uses the structure of problem and solution or comparing and contrasting?
  • Do you think this book is using a description text structure or a sequencing text structure? How do you know? Why do you think the author chose to do that?
Text structure is the pattern or structure an author uses to construct and organize the author's ideas for the audience (e.g., main idea/details, cause and effect, compare and contrast, problem and solution, sequencing, description); it is also referred to as organizational pattern.